- Leo weekly horoscope 16 november 12222 michele knight
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Yourself or the people you know? Know you are enough — just the way you are, Cancer. In a nutshell: Owning your worth means knowing you ARE enough. Just the way you are, Cancer. Ditch the comparisons with others. You are one of the signs which is all too aware of their public image and reputation. Dignity is your by-word. You strive to be seen as someone to be taken seriously. Your public face is on show this week thanks to a full Moon in your status-setting 10 th of career and recognition. Playing for keeps and being taken seriously will be themes now.
Especially as this full Moon falls conjunct Vesta in this house. Vesta rules equality and gender issues. Are you getting equal treatment and the recognition you deserve? Full Moons shine their light into the house opposite to the one they appear in. Are you treated one way professionally but expected to slip seamlessly into another role when at home? Based solely on gender? Equal pay, equal division of responsibilities and your lifestyle may be thrown into sharp focus this week. Mercury is retrograde in your 4 th asking you to look closely at your role at home and within the family.
You have the ability to make changes now for a fairer daily routine which again impacts on how you are seen thanks to Ceres entry into your 6 th on the 16 th. A fairer workload results in an enhanced wellbeing. In a nutshell: How you are seen by the people that matter has fresh soul importance this week, Leo.
Your reputation says a lot about how you are valued. Know where you belong — at the top. Ruler Mercury remains retrograde in its ruling 3 rd this week and trines Neptune in your partnership zone on the 14 th. I should not need to tell you that work or partnership matters may rock back and forth for a bit — especially when it comes to answering the question: Where do we go from here? Remember, nothing during a Mercury retro is written in stone or decided.
Break-ups can be followed by make-ups — especially when Ceres enters your romance zone on the 16 th as Ceres always brings in compromises and a new and better deal. This week sees a full Moon appear in your 9 th of learning, travel and freedom. This may throw up terms and conditions to be dealt with around a work matter or even your relationship. Again, please remember with Mercury retro in here this will be subject to chance right up until early December. Vesta rules gender issues, equality and situations where we feel we may have to unfairly compete with others — under rules which are set by one person in a position of power.
And not our own. Feeling in a competitive situation at work?
Leo weekly horoscope 16 november 12222 michele knight
Aside from the healthy competition of a pitch or knowing there are other candidates for that promotion, again, look closely at whether on the job rivalry is being encouraged by someone at the top. If so, it may be time to dust off that CV. May the odds be ever in your favour, Virgo. In a nutshell: This week offers learning and freedom. Especially when it comes to situations where other people set the rules. Or change the game you play, Virgo. A powerful full Moon strikes your salary, shared assets and resources sector.
It also falls conjunct Vesta in here. As you know, full Moons always shine a spotlight into the house opposite to the one they actually appear in. In this instance — your money and self-worth. This naturally has a big impact on how you live — or want to be living and has a direct connection to your day job too. Vesta is all about equality and its flip side — gender bias.
Not just your pay may come up now but who makes the decisions about how and where you live in your household too. Is someone making unilateral ones or assigning tasks based on gender or feeling they are entitled to? As the sign which strives for balance, you may become all too aware of this. Mercury is retrograde in your 2 nd right now, promising the opportunity to renegotiate anything from your pay to who does what or decides what at home. Be aware however that discussions may go back and forth until early December when it exits retroshadow. But it makes an inspired angle to Neptune in your 6 th pointing to a more intuitive way forward on the 14 th.
Ceres is all about the art of compromise — something you resonate with. How the domestic arrangements are dealt with or simply you having more say when it comes to where you live or how, can be renegotiated for a better deal for all parties. Remember, if you are planning on moving house or apartment, unless dates dictate otherwise, wait until after Mercury exits retroshadow early December before signing that lease or contract.
Redefine something you share this week, Libra. Anything from that home to that source of income. In a nutshell: Home, living arrangements and your lifestyle can be renegotiated now, Libra. A better way of living — or working, can be yours. You simply need to bring that balance back to the table.
Is this in alignment with how you see yourself? Or expect to be treated for that matter? The full Moon in your 7 th this week falls conjunct Vesta which is all about equality — or its reverse which is sexism or gender bias. Full Moons reflect their light back into the house opposite to the one they appear in. In this case — your 1 st. So take it someone holds up a mirror so you can see all too clearly how they see or value you. Remember that your 7 th rules marriage partners and long-term lovers, long term working relationships and friendships as well as that enemy, rival or opponent.
No matter who holds this mirror, what you are being given is valuable feedback on how you value yourself. Mercury retro in your 1 st aligning to Neptune in your 5 th allows you to change the image if this is needed. Have you neglected yourself of late? Or allowed someone to simply take you for granted? We can slip into these traps unawares. This week allows you to change the rules or escape if this has happened. Very often we find ourselves in a routine which neither party has consciously assigned, but is nonetheless unbalanced or simply unfair.
If you discover this is suddenly highlighted, you have the ability to discuss this with the other party and come up with a solution that is fair for both sides. This could include taking on more than your fair share at work or within a relationship. And you being treated in a way consistent with how you want to be valued and appreciated, Scorpio. In a nutshell: How you are treated by in others reflects your self-worth.
Who holds up that mirror this week provides you with valuable insight. Adjust your values and vision accordingly, Scorpio. Closet sexism for instance. You have a full Moon in your 6 th of work, daily responsibilities and wellness. As you know, full Moons reflect back into the house opposite to the one they appear in. In this instance your 12 th of all things mysterious and hidden.
The fact they harbour them may confirm some suspicions you have had for a while. Others may just be left gob-smacked as this full Moon falls conjunct Vesta. Equal pay and gender issues in your workplace may surface or someone simply speaks their mind without thinking. But even explorers need somewhere to return to after the adventure ends.
And we all need to attend to responsibilities and routines. Ceres leaves your 1 st this week and arrives in your 2 nd of money and also self-worth. As well as big issues like equal pay, a little equality when it comes to who does what closer to home may have to be negotiated. You can table a new solution this week, Sag. And a better deal all round. Let someone else paddle for once. You may have to take a stand based on your value system. Bring them up to date if so. This week asks you to rise above this or simply walk away. Competition between you and female friends?
Neither do you need a lover whose ego requires a constant massage or who makes you feel inadequate by comparing you to others or putting you down subtly or even overtly. If someone reveals they are not as single as you thought they were — this is your cue to get up and take the door marked EXIT. You are worth more than this Capricorn, and this week may call on you to own this as an undeniable fact.
The full Moon in your 5 th is conjunct Vesta in here. So, equality and ego may feature. That lover could be single but you discover you are not their one and only. Are they worth keeping that flame burning for? Because full Moons shine into the house opposite to the one they appear in, you may suddenly be aware of competitive dynamics amongst friends of the same sex. State your position with honesty and compassion, then walk away if necessary. This is all about playing by a fairer set of rules. Restore the balance of love this week, Capricorn by insisting on some rules of your own.
In a nutshell: Show others you are above game playing — especially when it comes to love. If someone is making this a competition — why play by their rules when you can write your own? The full Moon in its ruling house shines on your vulnerabilities and emotions this week. Do you feel you need to keep these hidden depending on your gender identification? Made to feel either over-emotional or else lacking in empathy? This is the house of families, roots and traditions. You may find yourself looking at the messages handed down about how a particular gender is supposed to act or behave.
This includes those out-dated beliefs that one gender has a monopoly on empathy, nurturing and understanding more than another. These are human traits not gender traits. This is a conjunction of being human and expressing human emotions. Compassion in business may be another issue you encounter now as could be gender politics in the workplace.
Full Moons always shine their light into the house opposite to the one they appear in. Highlighting those emotional hot buttons in it. This is your 10 th of career, status and reputation. You may find that glass ceiling is still intact for instance. Or an unfair bias in your workplace. Retro Mercury also in your 10 th aligns with the planet of compassion, Neptune in your 2 nd.
Some of you may no longer be able to put those feelings before profit. Ceres in your 12 th from the 16 th offers a new deal on family karma and the chance to create something more equal by your example for the future. When it comes to your career, keep some things to yourself.
Such as plans for your future if change is needed. Do it with feeling this week. In a nutshell: Break free of ideas that you are supposed to feel a certain way based solely on your gender. You are feeling the human experience. All emotions are equal. This includes yours. Speaking up and saying what is on your mind — especially when it comes to equal treatment, may have been something you have been putting off, Pisces. You strive for peace and even if your sensitive soul recoils at anything unfair, you will still go out of your way to avoid making waves.
The full Moon in your 3 rd falls conjunct Vesta in here which rules issues such as sexism or even competitiveness between members of the same sex — and those who may encourage this. Equality is your watch-word now as is stepping free of any situation where this is not present.
In this case your house of freedom and higher learning. As well as releasing you from anything that confines or restricts you. Revisiting the past — either in returning to places you have been before or contact with people from this is likely. A connection to a person, place or even a belief system which you now see as having fresh relevance. This could add up to a future pact with a friend, group, club, organisation, band or network that has nothing to do with stereotypes and everything to do with equality and freedom to be yourself. Go towards those who allow you to be who you are.
And ditch those who would pigeon hole you, Pisces. In a nutshell: Ensure all deals and even conversations, place you on an equal footing this week. A connection from the past could take on new relevance. Entertainment SP www. Terms and conditions. Take a look at the four Tarot cards. Do you feel there is one meant for you? You dare to open that wonderous heart chakra of yours.
Your emotions are flowing, your creativity is pouring out. Cosmic love surrounds you. The Universe will reward you for your loving ways. Oh, and trust your intuition right now. You have a core potency that is rising to the surface now. Your Strength is about to bring you great gifts. Remember, Strength is not angry or brutish; Strength allows for compassion. Beloved, you are protected now.
Even the wildest soul needs to step into the tranquil temple of silence occasionally.
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The Hermit is calling you into your soul cave. Take a moment to trust yourself. Meditate, feel the magic of stillness. When you are ready to emerge your courage will carry you to the next level. Some say this is the best Tarot card of them all. Congratulations wonderous one, You are about to arrive at a peak experience. Celebrate the moment, breathe in your victory, and revel in your well-deserved arrival. Of course, the World is never the end of the story.
The World is not a happy ending, but a joyous beginning! What chapter do you want next? What other adventures are lurking on your horizon? Start plotting and planning your next step. Gather your senses and look at the four Tarot cards. Reach into your powerful intuition. If you sense one of these cards has a psychic message for you, scroll down for your answer.
Emotional clearing is on the way. The Ace of Cups is the holy grail of joy, cleansing, love and healing. The Cosmos is showering you in unconditional love. Your heart chakra is opening to a spiritual connection to all that there is. A peak of happiness and an outpouring of love lifts your spirits. It looks like all your social karma is about to pay off as others willingly share their feelings for you. Super kind soul, are you ready to invest some of your pure and giving energy into yourself, the Ace says YES.
The Cosmos is turning your attention to your home. Expect to celebrate a family event or achievement connected to your close ones. How are you feeling about where you are living? How would you describe your home environment? Is it a temple of love? Are you taking care of your space the way you would your body and soul? Look around, which room needs work? Does it reflect the area of your life it represents?
If the kitchen needs work or is in chaos, are you nurturing yourself? The bedroom? What does it reveal about your love life? Ask a question now that has been on your mind, the answer will become quartz crystal clear. Your power is growing, your wisdom unfolding. Above all else, trust your gut. Life may have been hard for you recently, you may have felt left out in the chill. Or perhaps you have been going through business troubles? You need and deserve compassion and to know your feelings count. Perhaps this feeling has been ongoing? The 5 of pentacles highlights the fact that there is a light surrounding you.
There is refuge and harmony in front of you. A divine light is waiting to guide you. Have you been so used to this emotion that you are stuck in it? Good news, comfort and hope is coming. Try to break routines and habits, shift patterns and look beyond your immediate circumstances. Help is at hand. Expect to receive positive change.
Juno rules marriage and long-term commitments. Your commitment may or may not be with a significant other — it could revolve around a work or business relationship, a close friendship or even dealing with that opponent or rival once and for all. Or in some cases it could be a commitment to yourself. Putting your search for happiness and love first from here on in. No matter what it is — you are playing for keeps this week. Ruler Mars is also in your 7 th and tightly aspects Pluto in your career zone. Pluto rules power and transformation. So, this could be a commitment to a new job or taking on more responsibility — a leadership role at work for example.
Or again, a commitment to changing something. Chiron in your 1 st says take radical steps or a chance on that promise you make as it opposes Juno on the 9 th. This day also sees the Sun trine Neptune. The outcome of the promise you make could simply astound you this week, Aries. Promises, commitments and giving your word to someone or something, has you playing for keeps. This could even be with yourself. Couple stuff and lasting commitments will feature for all of us in some way now Juno enters Libra.
Even if it does not affect our own marriage or a partnership matter, we will see its effect on the relationships of other people around us. Juno rules marriage and commitment. The big, long term promises we make. In your work and wellbeing sector it can not only involve your job but making a commitment to whatever relationships have a direct impact on your mental and physical health.
You will take action and radical and lasting steps to address any imbalance now as Mars also in here tightly angles Pluto in your 9 th on the 5 th. Has something turned into too much like hard work so it drains rather than elevates you?
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Juno says you can address this now -permanently. The outcome of any steps you take may take both you — and the other party, by surprise as you suggest radical and untried solutions thanks to Chiron in your 12 th opposing Juno on the 9 th. This same day sees the Sun in your partnership zone set a new future in motion as it trines Neptune in your 11 th. Past, present and even potential promises with another party could be made. Or set in motion with someone you meet now. To preface The Proclaimers: You took a right turn and are on your way to what you want from this world — or another person.
In a nutshell: Promises and commitments feature for all of us now Juno is in Libra. For you, this may involve committing to what works and what makes your soul soar. Juno enters the sign of partnerships — Libra. And your 5 th of all things romantic, creative and of course, children or relationships which could potentially see you become a parent or step-parent. If you have fallen out of love with love — take it that love has not fallen out with you. Never say never again as Chiron in your 11 th opposes Juno on the 9 th while Mars stirs up passion in your 5 th and makes a tight angle to Pluto in its ruling 8 th on the 5 th.
This could result in a change around your romantic status. If something has been lacking in your present union, you could be released to find one with that alchemical missing ingredient. Others feel the pull of a magnetic attraction. If love or even recognition is your goal now, commit to putting yourself out there, connecting and being seen. The outcome could simply astonish you. Success-stirring aspects between the Sun in your work area and Neptune in your house of recognition also on the 9 th , say its time to make those career moves.
You rarely have such an opportunity to stand out and make your very best impression. That commitment could simply add up to you being more daring or selling yourself more effectively than you have done in the past. In a nutshell: Make a promise to love, a project or a path that leads to pleasure and recognition, Gemini. Above all — get ready to fall in love with love again. It enters your house of home and family this week.
Mars is also in here plus you have Pluto in your partnership zone and the Sun in your 5 th of romance, creativity and children. If you have children who are old enough, you could see them fly the nest or announce they are getting engaged, married or moving in with a partner as the Sun trines Neptune in your 9 th. Others could fall in love with someone who has foreign ties or already lives in another country — bringing with it questions around where you would commit to in the long term — as well as who.
This week also sees Chiron in your house of career and public image oppose Juno on the 9 th. Chiron is all about the unexpected. What runs against conventional thinking. The audacious move that results in the outrageous outcome. What we believe can never come to pass. And committing to giving your all is what this aspect is all about. Be prepared to reap the attention — and the rewards if you do, Cancer. In a nutshell: Dare to do, to try and to commit to that path, financial responsibility or home matter.
This week asks you to think in the long term. But try an audacious and daring, new approach. Stand by your word now, Leo as Juno, ruler of promises and long-term commitments, enters your 3 rd of contracts and communication. This could be a person, an entity, an idea or project or a company.
This includes what you write or share via social media, your blog or website. This especially applies to your work. They say the Devil is in the details. For you, this just happens to be true as Mars also in your 3 rd demands along with Pluto in your 6 th , that you follow-through on what you say.
They will be binding. However, if there is an agreement you want out of, this week offers you that escape route too. Just understand that if you commit to exiting something, again — this will be for keeps. Chiron in your 9 th of fortune and freedom opposes Juno on the 9 th. This day also sees the Sun in your 4 th trine Neptune in your house of change, shared resources and joint assets. You can ask for a change of conditions now. Or simply a change in how things are shared between you and someone else.
That includes the chores or who picks up the kids from school. Funny thing about people who dare to ask for what they want. Usually they get it. Better to know where you stand — and what path to commit to now, Leo. In a nutshell: Ask for that outrageous outcome this week, Leo. Above all, be the keeper of your word and deliver on all promises.
This could involve you and another both on the same page. The question is — do you know your own worth? Self- worth as well as money is ruled by Venus and our 2 nd house. Juno is all about commitments and lasting pacts. How we value ourselves is reflected by how we are treated by others and the world at large. Asking for a pay rise, better treatment or an equal footing may ask you to stretch and grow that self-assurance and self-esteem now.
Especially as Mars which rules confidence and boundaries, squares off to Pluto in your 5 th on the 5 th. You are in a prime position to re-negotiate the terms of something based on that new value system as Chiron in your 8 th opposes Juno on the 9 th. This same day also brings you a wonderful angle between the Sun in your house of contracts and communication, and Neptune in your partnership zone.
If you know your true worth and what you deserve, then ask for it now, Virgo. In a nutshell: Know your true worth this week, Virgo. Then ask for something from someone based on this. This week says the price is right when it comes to cashing in on that increased self-esteem. Commit to passion this week with Juno and also Mars in your 1 st. You are after all, the sign of partnerships. Those so-so signs if they exist, also point to home matters.
Is where you life simply somewhere to hang that gorgeous hat rather than a place to live? Consider the impossible or unthinkable outcome around partnerships now. If you have resigned yourself to singledom — you may have to think again. Or if the passion is missing in your current situation, you could find it again as Chiron in your 7 th opposes Juno on the 9 th. If not in your own life, you may witness other couples come together or even break up and say: Well, I never saw that one coming.
The Sun in your 2 nd shines on money matters and inspired ways to boost earnings as it trines Neptune in your 6 th also on the 9 th. You could have more to work with than you realised. But it requires focus and organisation. Passion missing on the work front? In a nutshell: Time to ditch the Mehs and commit to having more passion in your life. Sometimes we need more of a good thing to bring that back.
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Go in pursuit of it, Libra. Commitments to a cause, a belief, a higher path or something you are not ready to reveal feature now, Scorpio. Juno joins ancient ruler Mars in your 12 th. Some of you could commit to learning the Tarot or astrology. Others embrace a new religion or belief system. Signing up to something that helps others — especially those disadvantaged is another outcome.
This is your house of compassion and selflessness. Others could make a soul promise to someone or something — such as a cause or a subject where you may work behind the scenes or in secret. People or situations will also reveal whether or not they are worthy of your commitment too. Reality could bite as Mars makes a revealing angle to contemporary ruler Pluto in your 3 rd. News or something that is said could shift a connection either way — for better or worse. This could also emerge unexpectedly and without warning.
Chiron in your 6 th unveils something which may take you unawares on the 9 th when it opposes Juno. Neptune of course, is the ruler of your 12 th. This could bring you a divine encounter that leaves you literally soul-struck. Feel as if you have known this person before even if you just met? Consider the possibility you have. In existing relationships, soul contracts fall due this week. The commitment you make may have been made a long time ago. To that person, path or higher power, Scorpio. In a nutshell: Soul contracts fall due this week, Scorpio. Like your own personal horoscope page, with easy online payments!
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Receive a FREE email tarot reading when you subscribe. I give my consent to be emailed. I give my consent for my email activity to be tracked. In the five years between and , the population of Venice declined by 0. Venice is predominantly Roman Catholic There is also a historic Jewish community in Venice. The word ghetto , originally Venetian , is now found in many languages. The first complete and uncensored printed edition of the Talmud was printed in Venice by Daniel Bomberg in Since the end of the war, the Jewish population of Venice has declined from to about Only around 30 Jews live in the former ghetto which houses the city's major Jewish institutions.
The whole pensolon municipality is divided into 6 boroughs. One of these the historic city is in turn divided into six areas called sestieri :. Each sestiere was administered by a procurator and his staff. Now, each sestiere is a statistical and historical area without any degree of autonomy. The six fingers or phalanges of the ferro on the bow of a gondola represent the six sestieri. The sestieri are divided into parishes — initially 70 in , but reduced under Napoleon , and now numbering just These parishes predate the sestieri , which were created in about Each parish exhibited unique characteristics but also belonged to an integrated network.
Each community chose its own patron saint, staged its own festivals, congregated around its own market center, constructed its own bell towers, and developed its own customs. Other islands of the Venetian Lagoon do not form part of any of the sestieri , having historically enjoyed a considerable degree of autonomy.
Each sestiere has its own house numbering system. Each house has a unique number in the district, from one to several thousand, generally numbered from one corner of the area to another, but not usually in a readily understandable manner. The whole comune red in the Metropolitan City of Venice. The legislative body of the Comune is the Consiglio Comunale "city council" , which is composed of 45 councillors elected every five years with a proportional system, contextually [ clarification needed ] to the mayoral elections.
The executive body is the City Committee Giunta Comunale , composed of 12 assessors nominated and presided over by a directly elected Mayor. Venice was governed by center-left parties from the s until the s, when the mayor started to be elected directly. Its region Veneto has long been a conservative stronghold, with the coalition between the regionalist Lega Nord and the center-right Forza Italia winning absolute majorities of the electorate in many elections at communal, national, and regional levels.
Each borough is governed by a council Consiglio and a president, elected contextually [ clarification needed ] to the city Mayor. The urban organisation is dictated by Article of the Italian constitution. The boroughs have the power to advise the mayor with nonbinding opinions on a large spectrum of topics environment, construction, public health, local markets and exercise the functions delegated to them by the city council; in addition, they are supplied with autonomous funding to finance local activities.
The boroughs are:. Mainland terraferma , annexed with a Royal Decree, in , to the municipality of Venezia:. After the elections, five of the six boroughs are governed by the Democratic Party and its allies, and one by the center-right mayoral majority:. Venice's economy has changed throughout history.
Although there is little specific information about the earliest years, it is likely that an important source of the city's prosperity was the trade in slaves, captured in central Europe and sold to North Africa and the Levant. Venice's location at the head of the Adriatic, and directly south of the terminus of the Brenner Pass over the Alps, would have given it a distinct advantage as a middleman in this important trade.
In the Middle Ages and the Renaissance , Venice was a major center for commerce and trade, as it controlled a vast sea-empire, and became an extremely wealthy European city and a leader in political and economic affairs,. Other ports such as Genoa , Pisa , Marseille , Ancona , and Dubrovnik were hardly able to compete with the well organized transportation of pilgrims from Venice.
This all changed by the 17th century, when Venice's trade empire was taken over by countries such as Portugal, and its importance as a naval power was reduced. In the 18th century, then, it became a major agricultural and industrial exporter. The 18th century's biggest industrial complex was the Venice Arsenal , and the Italian Army still uses it today even though some space has been used for major theatrical and cultural productions, and as spaces for art.
Today, Venice's economy is mainly based on tourism, shipbuilding mainly in Mestre and Porto Marghera , services, trade, and industrial exports. The city is facing financial challenges. The declining native population affects the character of the city, as an October National Geographic article pointed out in its subtitle: "Residents are abandoning the city, which is in danger of becoming an overpriced theme park".
The Italian government would be responsible for losses from any uncollectible loans from the closed banks. Venice is an important destination for tourists who want to see its celebrated art and architecture. To reduce the number of visitors, who are causing irreversible changes in Venice, the agency supports limiting the number of cruise ships   as well as implementing a strategy for more sustainable tourism.
Tourism has been a major part of the Venetian economy since the 18th century, when Venice—with its beautiful cityscape, uniqueness, and rich musical and artistic cultural heritage—was a stop on the Grand Tour. The Lido di Venezia is also a popular international luxury destination, attracting thousands of actors, critics, celebrities, and others in the cinematic industry. The city also relies heavily on the cruise business. Venice is regarded by some as a tourist trap, and by others as a "living museum".
The competition for foreigners to buy homes in Venice has made prices rise so high that numerous inhabitants are forced to move to more affordable areas of Veneto and Italy. The need to protect the city's historic environment and fragile canals, in the face of a possible loss of jobs produced by cruise tourism, has seen the Italian Transport Ministry attempt to introduce a ban on large cruise ships visiting the city. A ban would have allowed only cruise ships smaller than 40,gross tons to enter the Giudecca Canal and St Mark's basin.
As a result, the Venice Port Authority estimated an Having failed in its bid to ban oversized cruise ships from the Giudecca Canal, the city switched to a new strategy in mid, banning the creation of any additional hotels. Currently, there are over 24, hotel rooms. The ban does not affect short-term rentals in the historic center which are causing an increase in the cost of living for the native residents of Venice. The city also considered a ban on wheeled suitcases , but settled for banning hard plastic wheels for transporting cargo from May In addition to accelerating erosion of the ancient city's foundations and creating some pollution in the lagoon,   cruise ships dropping an excessive number of day trippers can make St.
Marks Square and other popular attractions too crowded to walk through during the peak season. Government officials see little value to the economy from the "eat and flee" tourists who stay for less than a day, which is typical of those from cruise ships. Some locals continued to aggressively lobby for new methods that would reduce the number of cruise ship passengers; their estimate indicated that there are up to 30, such sightseers per day at peak periods,  while others concentrate their effort on promoting a more responsible way of visiting the city. More than 18, people voted at 60 polling booths set up by activists, and 17, favored banning large ships from the lagoon.
The population of Venice at the time was about 50, Passengers would be transferred to the historic area in smaller boats. On 28 February , the Venice City Council voted in favour of a new municipal regulation requiring day-trippers visiting the historic centre, and the islands in the lagoon, to pay a new access fee. The extra revenue from the fee would be used for cleaning, maintaining security, reducing the financial burden on residents of Venice, and to "allow Venetians to live with more decorum".
The fee could be waived for certain types of travelers: including students, children under the age of 6, voluntary workers, residents of the Veneto region, and participants in sporting events. The access fee was expected to come into effect in September but has been postponed until 1 January Having failed in its bid to ban oversized cruise ships from the Giudecca Canal, the Italian inter-ministerial Comitatone overseeing Venice's lagoon released an official directive in November to keep the largest cruise ships away from the Piazza San Marco and the entrance to the Grand Canal.
According to the officials, the plan to create an alternate route for ships would require extensive dredging of the canal and the building of a new port, which would take four years, in total, to complete. However, the activist group No Grandi Navi No big Ships , argued that the effects of pollution caused by the ships would not be diminished by the re-routing plan. On 2 June , the cruise ship MSC Opera rammed a tourist riverboat, the River Countess , which was docked on the Giudecca Canal, injuring five people, in addition to causing property damage.
The incident immediately led to renewed demands to ban large cruise ships from the Giudecca Canal,  including a Twitter message to that effect posted by the environment minister. The city's mayor urged authorities to accelerate the steps required for cruise ships to begin using the alternate Vittorio Emanuele canal. Nonetheless, the Italian government released an announcement on 7 August that it would begin rerouting cruise ships larger than tonnes away from the historic city's Giudecca Canal.
For the last four months of , all heavy vessels will dock at the Fusina and Lombardia terminals which are still on the lagoon but away from the central islands. By , one-third of all cruise ships will be rerouted, according to Danilo Toninelli, the minister for Venice. Preparation work for the Vittorio Emanuele Canal needed to begin soon for a long-term solution, according to the Cruise Lines International Association.
That plan was not imminent however, since public consultations had not yet begun. Over 1. In the 19th century, a causeway to the mainland brought the railroad to Venice. Beyond these rail and road terminals on the northern edge of the city, transportation within the city's historic centre remains, as it was in centuries past, entirely on water or on foot. Venice is Europe's largest urban car-free area and is unique in Europe in having remained a sizable functioning city in the 21st century entirely without motorcars or trucks. The classic Venetian boat is the gondola , plural: gondole although it is now mostly used for tourists, or for weddings, funerals, or other ceremonies, or as traghetti sing.
The traghetti are operated by two oarsmen. For some years there were seven such boats; but by , only three remained. There are approximately licensed gondoliers in Venice, in their distinctive livery, and a similar number of boats, down from 10, two centuries ago. Its shape has evolved through the centuries, as documented in many well-known paintings. Its form, topped by a likeness of the Doge's hat, became gradually standardized, and was then fixed by local law. It consists of six bars pointing forward representing the sestieri of the city, and one that points backwards representing the Giudecca.
Venice's small islands were enhanced during the Middle Ages by the dredging of soil to raise the marshy ground above the tides. The resulting canals encouraged the flourishing of a nautical culture which proved central to the economy of the city. Today those canals still provide the means for transport of goods and people within the city. The maze of canals threading through the city requires more than bridges to permit the flow of foot traffic. In , the city opened the Ponte della Costituzione , the fourth bridge across the Grand Canal, which connects the Piazzale Roma bus-terminal area with the Venezia Santa Lucia railway station.
The main means of public transportation consists of motorised waterbuses vaporetti which ply regular routes along the Grand Canal and between the city's islands. Private motorised water taxis are also active. The only gondole still in common use by Venetians are the traghetti , foot passenger ferries crossing the Grand Canal at certain points where there aren't convenient bridges.
Other gondole are rented by tourists on an hourly basis. The Venice People Mover is an elevated shuttle train public transit system connecting Tronchetto island with its car parking facility with Piazzale Roma where visitors arrive in the city by bus taxi, or automobile. The train makes a stop at the Marittima cruise terminal at the Port of Venice. Lido and Pellestrina are two islands forming a barrier between the southern Venetian Lagoon and the Adriatic Sea. On those islands, road traffic, including bus service, is allowed. Vaporetti link them with other islands Venice, Murano , Burano and with the peninsula of Cavallino-Treporti.
Mestre is the center and the most populous urban area of the mainland. There are several bus routes and two Translohr tramway lines. The average amount of time people spend commuting with public transit in Venice, for example to and from work, on a weekday is 52 min. Only The average amount of time people wait at a stop or station for public transit is 10 min, while The average distance people usually ride in a single trip with public transit is 7 kilometres 4.
Tram in Venice leaving Piazzale Roma. Venice is serviced by regional and national trains, including trains to Florence 1h53 , Milan 2h13 , Turin 3h10 , Rome 3h33 , and Naples 4h The Port of Venice Italian : Porto di Venezia is the eighth-busiest commercial port in Italy and is one of the most important in the Mediterranean concerning the cruise sector, as a major hub for cruise ships. It is one of the major Italian ports and is included in the list of the leading European ports which are located on the strategic nodes of trans-European networks.
In , the port handled , containers. In , 30,, tonnes passed through the port, of which 14,, was commercial traffic, and saw 1,, passengers. The airport is on the mainland and was rebuilt away from the coast. Public transport from the airport takes one to:.
Some simply advertise flights to "Venice", while naming the actual airport only in small print. A technique invented in the Venetian Lagoon, Venetian rowing is unusual in that the rower s , one or more, row standing, looking forward. Today, Voga alla Veneta is not only the way the gondoliers row tourists around Venice but also the way Venetians row for pleasure and sport. Many races called regata e happen throughout the year. The main football club in the city is Venezia F. Reyer currently plays in the Lega Basket Serie A.media.travelenet.com
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The men's team were the Italian champions in , , and Their arena is the Palasport Giuseppe Taliercio , situated in Mestre. Luigi Brugnaro is both the president of the club and the mayor of the city. Venice is a major international centre for higher education. Other Venetian institutions of higher education are: the Accademia di Belle Arti Academy of Fine Arts , established in , whose first chairman was Giovanni Battista Piazzetta ;  and the Benedetto Marcello Conservatory of Music , which was first established in as a high school and musical society, later became Liceo Musicale , and finally , when its director was Gian Francesco Malipiero , the State Conservatory of Music.
Venice has long been a source of inspiration for authors, playwrights, and poets, and at the forefront of the technological development of printing and publishing. Polo — was a merchant who voyaged to the Orient. His series of books, co-written with Rustichello da Pisa and titled Il Milione provided important knowledge of the lands east of Europe, from the Middle East to China, Japan, and Russia. Giacomo Casanova — was a prolific writer and adventurer best remembered for his autobiography, Histoire De Ma Vie Story of My Life , which links his colourful lifestyle to the city of Venice.
Venetian playwrights followed the old Italian theatre tradition of Commedia dell'arte. Ruzante — , Carlo Goldoni — , and Carlo Gozzi — used the Venetian dialect extensively in their comedies. Venice has also inspired writers from abroad. The poet Ugo Foscolo — , born in Zante , an island that at the time belonged to the Republic of Venice, was also a revolutionary who wanted to see a free republic established in Venice following its fall to Napoleon. Venice also inspired the poetry of Ezra Pound , who wrote his first literary work in the city. Pound died in , and his remains are buried in Venice's cemetery island of San Michele.
Venice is also linked to the technological aspects of writing. The city was the location of one of Italy's earliest printing presses called Aldine Press , established by Aldus Manutius in Around fifteen percent of all printing of the fifteenth century came from Venice,  and even as late as the 18th century was responsible for printing half of Italy's published books.
The city is a particularly popular setting for essays, novels, and other works of fictional or non-fictional literature. Examples of these include:. Additionally, Thomas Mann 's novella, Death in Venice , was the basis for Benjamin Britten's eponymous opera Some words with a Venetian etymology include arsenal , ciao , ghetto , gondola , imbroglio , lagoon , lazaret , lido , Montenegro , and regatta. By the end of the 15th century, Venice had become the European capital of printing, having printers by , and being one of the first cities in Italy after Subiaco and Rome to have a printing press, after those established in Germany.
The most important printing office was the Aldine Press of Aldus Manutius ; which in issued the first printed work of Aristotle ; in printed the Hypnerotomachia Poliphili , considered the most beautiful book of the Renaissance ; and established modern punctuation , page format, and italic type.
Venice, especially during the Middle Ages , the Renaissance , and Baroque periods, was a major centre of art and developed a unique style known as the Venetian School. In the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, Venice, along with Florence and Rome, became one of the most important centres of art in Europe, and numerous wealthy Venetians became patrons of the arts. Venice at the time was a rich and prosperous Maritime Republic , which controlled a vast sea and trade empire.
In the 16th century, Venetian painting was developed through influences from the Paduan School and Antonello da Messina , who introduced the oil painting technique of the Van Eyck brothers. It is signified by a warm colour scale and a picturesque use of colour. Early masters were the Bellini and Vivarini families, followed by Giorgione and Titian , then Tintoretto and Veronese. In the early 16th century, there was rivalry in Venetian painting between the disegno and colorito techniques.
Canvases the common painting surface originated in Venice during the early Renaissance. These early canvases were generally rough. In the 18th century, Venetian painting had a revival with Tiepolo 's decorative painting and Canaletto 's and Guardi 's panoramic views. Venice is built on unstable mud-banks, and had a very crowded city centre by the Middle Ages. On the other hand, the city was largely safe from riot, civil feuds, and invasion much earlier than most European cities.
These factors, with the canals and the great wealth of the city, made for unique building styles. Venice has a rich and diverse architectural style , the most prominent of which is the Gothic style. Venetian Gothic architecture is a term given to a Venetian building style combining the use of the Gothic lancet arch with the curved ogee arch , due to Byzantine and Ottoman influences.
The style originated in 14th-century Venice, with a confluence of Byzantine style from Constantinople , Islamic influences from Spain and Venice's eastern trading partners, and early Gothic forms from mainland Italy. Venetian taste was conservative and Renaissance architecture only really became popular in buildings from about the s. More than in the rest of Italy, it kept much of the typical form of the Gothic palazzi , which had evolved to suit Venetian conditions.
In turn the transition to Baroque architecture was also fairly gentle. This gives the crowded buildings on the Grand Canal and elsewhere an essential harmony, even where buildings from very different periods sit together. For example, round-topped arches are far more common in Renaissance buildings than elsewhere. It can be argued that Venice produced the best and most refined rococo designs. At the time, the Venician economy was in decline. It had lost most of its maritime power, was lagging behind its rivals in political importance, and its society had become decadent, with tourism increasingly the mainstay of the economy.
But Venice remained a centre of fashion. Unique Venetian furniture types included the divani da portego , and long rococo couches and pozzetti , objects meant to be placed against the wall. Bedrooms of rich Venetians were usually sumptuous and grand, with rich damask, velvet, and silk drapery and curtains, and beautifully carved rococo beds with statues of putti , flowers, and angels.
Chandeliers were usually very colourful, using Murano glass to make them look more vibrant and stand out from others; and precious stones and materials from abroad were used, since Venice still held a vast trade empire.
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Lacquer was very common, and many items of furniture were covered with it, the most noted being lacca povera poor lacquer , in which allegories and images of social life were painted. Lacquerwork and Chinoiserie were particularly common in bureau cabinets. Venice is known for its ornate glass-work, known as Venetian glass , which is world-renowned for being colourful, elaborate, and skilfully made.
Many of the important characteristics of these objects had been developed by the 13th century. Toward the end of that century, the center of the Venetian glass industry moved to Murano , an offshore island in Venice. The glass made there is known as Murano glass. Byzantine craftsmen played an important role in the development of Venetian glass. When Constantinople was sacked in the Fourth Crusade in , some fleeing artisans came to Venice. This happened again when the Ottomans took Constantinople in , supplying Venice with still more glassworkers.
By the 16th century, Venetian artisans had gained even greater control over the color and transparency of their glass, and had mastered a variety of decorative techniques. Despite efforts to keep Venetian glassmaking techniques within Venice, they became known elsewhere, and Venetian-style glassware was produced in other Italian cities and other countries of Europe. Some of the most important brands of glass in the world today are still produced in the historical glass factories on Murano.
The Carnival of Venice is held annually in the city, It lasts for around two weeks and ends on Shrove Tuesday. Venetian masks are worn.